Buku la Aqua-Metrix AM-FOG Portable FOG Analyzer Manual
The AM-FOG analyzer is the first probe to replace core samplers (e.g. Sludge Judge, Dipstick Pro) with a digital version that is portable, robust, customizable and inexpensive. It measures the level of fats, oils, and grease (FOG) in grease interceptors quickly, accurately and as cleanly as possible. The probe is the result of five years of intense product development. The probe is aimed primarily at inspectors of Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJ, aka municipalities) but interceptor service companies (“haulers”) and food service establishment (FSE) operators will also find the AM-FOG probe to be an important part of their operation.
Competing FOG analyzers have relied on conductance, which suffers from fouling or ultrasonic transducers, which also are impacted by fouling and are very expensive to build. Because it is based on measuring the electrical properties of the surrounding medium there are no moving parts or expensive transducers. Coating of the probe changes the reading very slightly, so fouling is not a major problem. The result is a probe that can withstand the extreme physical and chemical environment of a grease interceptor. There are other FOG analyzers that use capacitance, but the AM-FOG uses several ingenious innovations which make the probe robust, inexpensive, and extremely easy to use.
The length of the AM-FOG probe can be made to any multiple of 8 inches so that it can be configured for any grease interceptor size. The embedded firmware senses the correct length and customizes the user interface on the cell phone app for any probe.
|Kuzindikira||Water, FOG, air, sludge||Deta
|Adjustable from 1 to 60 min.|
|Chigamulo||2.5 masentimita (1 ")||mafoni
|Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)|
|12” to 72” in 6” increments||Kutumiza
|> 100 m|
|Ma Alamu Levels||Customized. Default—25%
|Status Indicztor||LED: Green / Red|
|Kulimbitsa||One-button—in water||Njira Zochitira||Calibrate, Run, Battery check|
|PVC, polycarbonate||Batttery||Lithium ion, rechargeable|
|ogwiritsa||bulaketi||kutentha||-10 mpaka 60 ° C|
|Kuwonjezera||1 to 6 ft. At||pH manambala||2 kuti 12|
|kukonza||Circular wiper||Ingress||NEMA 6P|
Mfundo Yogwirira Ntchito
As stated in the introduction, the AM-FOG analyzer works by measuring the capacitance of the surrounding medium. The capacitance is related to an electrical property called the dielectric constant. Materials that hold a large charge, such as air, have a high dielectric constant. Those that can’t, such as water, have a low dielectric constant. In general, insulators have high dielectric constants whereas conductors have very low constants. Grease, or FOG, has a relatively high dielectric constant though not as high as air.
The AM-FOG analyzer uses electrodes whose electric fields extend several centimeters into the medium. Therefore, a coating of grease on the surface of the probe has a minimal effect on the measurement of the capacitance. The probe consists of a number (1 to 8) 8” sensor boards attached in series, with each board containing 8 capacitance sensing elements located at 1” intervals. Therefore, the probe length can be anywhere from 8” to 64”, with 1” resolution, regardless of size. The probe can be used in nearly all hydromechanical interceptors and all but the largest gravity interceptors.
Firmware inside the probe communicates via Low Energy Bluetooth (BLE) to an app smart device such as a cell phone or tablet. There is an app for both Android and iOS (iPhone) devices. Configuration, calibration, and measurement are all done on the app.
The value of the capacitance that the probe reads is in units of frequency (Hz). Values range from about 60,000 in water to about 80,000 Hz in air. To make the user interface easier to understand the value of the sensors in water are set to zero and the value of the sensors in air are set to 10,000. Typical FOG values then fall into the range of 6000 to 8000.
Since each sensing element is slightly different from all others the probe must be corrected such that all sensors give approximately the same value of 0 to 10,000 when immersed in the same medium. During the process of calibration, the probe is immersed in water and the app assigns zero to all sensor elements. The user then hangs the probe in air and the calibration routine assigns 10,000 to all sensor elements. Of course these values drift by as much as 10% over several days of use so calibration must be done on a periodic basis—approximately weekly.
What Comes with the AM-FOG Probe
The AM-FOG probe is a self-contained unit and has no accessories that are necessary for operation. The only other component needed is the free app loaded onto your smart phone. The handle of the probe will enable you to immerse the probe in the interceptor. If you need to access an interceptor that is more than about two feet underground, you will need an extension pole with a grabber. Here is an example: Unger 42.5 in. Steel-Rubber Rugged Trash Reacher Grabber-971340 – The Home Depot.
The probe comes with a 3” diameter PVC carrying case. The carrying case doubles as a container for calibrating the probe in water. Simply stand the case up and fill it with water such that the level reaches the top when the probe is fully inserted.
Operating the AM-FOG Probe
Downloading the AM-FOG Connect App
The interface to the probe is through an app on an Android or iOS (Apple) phone. The app is free. We are constantly adding useful features so keep checking the app store for the latest version. (Will the app notify the user that a new version is available and automatically install it?)
For an Android phone go to the Play Store and look for AM-FOG. For an iPhone go to the App Store. The app does NOT connect to the internet. Therefore, it collects NO information from you to send to us so you can rest assured that there is no downside to loading it onto your device.
- Turn on the probe by pressing the power button. The green LED surrounding it will blink. If nothing happens then it’s possible that the battery came loose during shipment. If you open the cover of the head enclosure you will see the battery and its connector.
- Launch the app. Just press the AM-FOG Connect app icon.
- Press the SCAN button on the bottom of the initial screen. It and will search for the Bluetooth signal from the probe.
- Press Yes to grant permission to connect to the probe. This allows your device to communicate to the probe via Bluetooth (BLE). If the probe does not connect after several minutes, it will go to sleep and you will need to scan for the probe again.
- When the app finds the probe, a new screen will display a line item containing the probe’s MAC address. In the screenshot shown on the right the address is E8:9C:C2:98:D5:E3. Every probe has a unique MAC address. A good practice is to write the address, or the last 4 characters, on the outside of the probe.
- If there is more than one probe powered on the screen will list all those probes.
- Click on the probe from the list (likely the only probe on the list). You will see a circulating Connecting icon. If the Connecting icon continues ad infinitum, then you waited too long and the probe timed out. Just restart the connection process. If the Connecting icon continues to spin, then the controller board in the head of the probe has lost contact with the sensor boards in the probe. The likely cause is that the ribbon cable that connects the controller board to the top sensor board has disconnected.
- Upon successful connection the Configuration screen will appear.
Configuring the Probe
Successful connection with the probe automatically brings up the Configuration screen. There are four functions in the app: Measure, Diagnostics, Calibrate and Configuration. They are accessed by clicking on the menu icon in the upper left corner. The menu icon appears for the first time when the Configuration screen appears.
The top of the Configuration screen allows you to personalize the probe. The bottom of the screen allows you to set the range values for the app to be distinguish FOG from water, FOG from air and water from sludge. There should be default values already loaded in. They are;
- Sludge: 0-100
- Water: 101-1000
- FOG: 1001-7000
- Air: > 7001 (automatically set from the FOG upper value)
- Temperature Compensation: 71.0
If you change the values, you must enter numbers that follow the order of Air>FOG>Water>Sludge. If you don’t, you will get an error message. (9-14-21: NOTE: The sludge range should be higher than the water range. Also the sludge range does nothing. This will be fixed.)
ZINDIKIRANI: As of this date, the probe cannot reliably distinguish water from sludge. This will likely change in the future. To eliminate the sludge reading it is set for the verynarrow range of 0 to 100. If the probe reading yields values between 0 and 100 then either recalibrate the Please note that the range for sludge is very narrow. That’s because we don’t yet have a solid understanding of solids, so we do our best to bury this measurement (for now!). There is one more parameter in the bottom screen—the temperature coefficient. This parameter adjusts the frequency values for changes resulting from different temperatures. We have found that -71 Hz/°C is the best fit value, and it is unlikely that you will ever change it.
As with any sensor, two points are required to calibrate the FOG probe. The firmware converts the frequency values from the sensors into arbitrary values, such that 0 represents the lowest value—water—and 10,000 represents the highest—air.
Calibrating the probe in water requires a container at least as deep as the probe. The 3” diameter carrying case doubles as a reservoir for water calibration. A wider container will give slightly better accuracy. If you have several probes in use, then a 4” PVC tube capped at the bottom and fixed to the wall gives better accuracy and is easier to use. For air calibration hanging the probe in air is sufficient. Keep the probe at least 2” away from any surface
To calibrate the probe, press the menu icon in the top left and bring up the menu screen (right). Select Calibrate.
- Immerse the probe in a bath of water up to the top of the PVC pipe. (Do NOT immerse the head unit.) We use a 3” PVC pipe capped at the bottom, and we will provide such a unit for sale.
- Allow about a minute for the probe to equilibrate in water.
- Press the Water Calibration button.
- When the Alert window appears select Calibrate. This starts the one-minute calibration.
- The Calibration screen will return.
- Hang the probe in the air for at least one minute to let the probe equilibrate.
- Press the Air Calibration button.
- When the Alert window appears select Calibrate. This starts the one-minute calibration.
- The Calibration screen will return.
Note that the Calibration screen reports the results of the calibration: the date of both calibrations and the slope and the intercept of the graph that converts frequency values to the calibrated range of 0 to 10,000.
Basic Measurement with the Measure Screen
Once the configuration is set you are ready to take measurements. The screen that you, as a ordinary user, will use on a daily basis is the Measure screen.
This is simply a bar screen that is color coded: Dark blue is water, light blue is air, orange is FOG and brown is sludge. (Because sludge is not yet operational the default range in the Configuration screen should prevent it from appearing in measurements.)
Try holding your hand around the middle of the probe. Your hand has approximately the same dielectric constant as FOG so the part of the probe surrounded by your hand will turn orange. It will take a full minute toequilibrate and settle into a light blue bar with an orange bar in the middle. Next, try sticking the probe in water and watch the bottom part of the probe in water turn dark blue. Notice that the percentage of air, FOG, water and sludge appears to the right of the bar graph.
Note also that the app determines the top of the liquid level of the interceptor. It does this by determining the lowest level of the air column. The app uses the top of the trap to calculate composition percentages with respect to the liquid volume. A red triangle appears more than 25% of the volume of the interceptor is occupied by FOG (plus sludge when available)
For routine measurements the Measure screen is sufficient. To view the actual measurements that go into the Measure screen the Diagnostics screen is invaluable, especially for troubleshooting and for setting values in the Configuration screen.
With the measure screen open, click on the little waveform icon on the upper right of the Measure screen or select Diagnostics from the menu icon in the upper left. This will bring you to the Diagnostics screen. For the screenshot on the right the probe is 16” with 16 elements. The same color coding applies to the Diagnostics screen but with the addition of sensor elements, height fromthe bottom sensor and the values of each element—actual frequency and scaled frequency (0 to 10,000).
Immersing the probe in an actual interceptor or a container with water and oil will show a screen like the one on the right.
As with any sophisticated electronic device undergoing beta testing, issues arise that need to be improved. The major hardware issue that we have discovered is that the ribbon cable that connects the electronic guts of the probe to the controller in the black enclosure can come loose with rough handling. If the probe connects but doesn’t show a bar graph like in the figures above it’s a 20:1 bet that the ribbon cable came loose.
Simply unscrew the top of the enclosure. The ribbon cable slips over the connector on the board such that the one gray conductor connects to the Power pin. See picture below. It’s possible, but unlikely, that the ribbon disconnects from the other end that connects to the sensors in the probe. Reattach as shown in the picture below.
If problems persist contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org kapena tiimbire pa 978-749-994.
Zolemba / Zothandizira
|Aqua-Metrix AM-FOG Portable FOG Analyzer [pdf] Buku la Malangizo|
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